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Sunset Valley Orchids
Fred Clarke
1255 Navel Place
Vista, CA 92081

fred.clarke@att.net

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Coerulea (blue) Cattleyas

In Cattleyas the ‘coerulea’ color or ‘blue’ as it is referred to, is very intriguing and rare in nature. In the early years of blue breeding there were not many known species, so breeding was limited to a few possibilities. Today, we have many species and hybrids to breed with, and the quality of blue flowers has been improving rapidly. Don’t miss the spotted blue crosses…These are a great addition for the discriminating collector.

Other Cattleyas
Mini-Catts | Compact Cattleyas | Standard / Large Cattleyas | Spotted Cattleyas
Coerulea (blue) Cattleyas | Species | Blooming Size 4" Cattleyas

 

SVO 6799t
Lc. NEW HYBRID (Lc. Love Knot f. coerulea 'SVO' HCC/AOS x C. mossiae f. coerulea 'Blue Moon Too')

Large well-formed coerulea flowers on small plants are the expectation here.  Love Knot is a small plant, only 5” tall, and blooms twice a year with 2 to 3 very flat flowers that are nearly 4” across.  It is an excellent grower and very showy.  C. mossiae f. coerulea 'Blue Moon Too' has large 6.5” flowers of good shape and color.  This plant produces 4-5 blooms on strong stems in early May.  I have high expectations for this cross.  Love Knot is known to flatten flower form, and mossiae provides flower size and is dominant for bloom period.  With this cross, we look forward to 3-4 large flowers on compact, robust plants in May.  A great and very promising cross!  These protocorms were treated with oryzalin (t), a chemical that can double the number of chromosomes.  The hope is that some of these will be tetraploids, and the ones that are will be very valuable. 
3” pots $18

SVO 7057
Lc. NEW HYBRID (C. Blue Velvet 'Surprise' SM/JOGA x Lc. Cornelia 'Floralia')

This modern blue mini-Catt cross benefits from the influence of C. walkeriana and L. pumila.  It also capitalizes on the large flower size of the standard labiate Cattleya species, C.  warneri and C. labiata, in the background of this cross. Plants will stay small, with a maximum height of 8” tall, and flowers will be large, possibly up to 5” across.  Petals and sepals will be in shades of coerulea with full darker blue lips.
3” pots $15

SVO 7092
Lc. NEW HYBRID (Lc. Cornelia 'Floralia' x Lc. Moonlight Dream 'SVO Moonlight Kiss' AM/AOS)

We are expecting a significant development in flared blue compact Catts with this cross.  The commanding presence of Cornelia (C. mossiae x L. pumila), with its large 5” flower and dark blue lip, is noteworthy.  Moonlight Dream (Love Knot x C. intermedia f. aquinii, coerulea) is also impressive, with dark blue flares of color splashed on the petals.  This cross will produce 50% flared and 50% solid-colored flowers.  All flowers will be coerulea with darker blue lips, produced two to a stem, and plants will not exceed 8” tall.  Very limited availability.
3” pots $15

SVO 7110
Lc. NEW HYBRID (Lc. Love Knot 'SVO' HCC/AOS x Lc. Blue Rose 'Dark Blue')

The ancestors in this cross read like a who's who of modern blue Cattleya breeding.  Love Knot (C. walkeriana x L. sincorana) imparts very flat flowers and color, and has given rise to many outstanding progeny.  Blue Rose (Lc. Floralia's Azul x Lc. Tahoe Rose) is a recent hybrid that produces top-quality blues with very large flowers and beautifully-formed lips on small plants.  This modern blue breeding is really exceptional!  Plants will stay under 10” tall, flowers will be 4-5” across, and the color should be outstanding.
3” pots $15

SVO 7155
C. Mrs. Mahler (C. bicolor f. coerulea 'SVO' x C. leopoldii f. coerulea 'Kathleen' JC/AOS)

C. Mrs. Mahler 'Mem Fred Tompkins' AM/AOS is an iconic plant.  So what could be better?  How about the coerulea from?  This has to be a first in the history of orchid breeding.  Tall plants with impressive heads of light blue flowers, some spotted, and a dark blue lip.  Talk about collectable!!!  The identical cross is available as SVO 7578, and the reciprocal cross is available as SVO 7156.  I must've really wanted to make these!
3” pots $15

SVO 7155t
C. Mrs. Mahler (C. bicolor f. coerulea 'SVO' x C. leopoldii f. coerulea 'Kathleen' JC/AOS)

Same as SVO 7155, but the protocorms were treated with oryzalin (t), a chemical that can double the number of chromosomes.  The hope is that some of these will be tetraploids, and the ones that are will be very desirable.  The reciprocal cross is also available as SVO 7156t.
3” pots $20

SVO 7156
C. Mrs. Mahler (C. leopoldii f. coerulea 'Kathleen' JC/AOS x C. bicolor f. coerulea 'SVO')

C. Mrs. Mahler 'Mem Fred Tompkins' AM/AOS is an iconic plant.  So what could be better?  How about the coerulea from?  This has to be a first in the history of orchid breeding.  Tall plants with impressive heads of light blue flowers, some spotted, and a dark blue lip.  Talk about collectable!!!  The reciprocal cross is available as SVO 7155 and SVO 7578.  I must've really wanted to make these!
3” pots $15

SVO 7156t
C. Mrs. Mahler (C. leopoldii f. coerulea 'Kathleen' JC/AOS x C. bicolor f. coerulea 'SVO')

Same as SVO 7156, but the protocorms were treated with oryzalin (t), a chemical that can double the number of chromosomes.  The hope is that some of these will be tetraploids, and the ones that are will be very desirable. The reciprocal cross is also available as SVO 7155t.
3” pots $20

SVO 7181       
C. NEW HYBRID (C. Interglossa f. coerulea 'SVO Blue Splash' x C. leopoldii f. coerulea 'Kathleen' JC/AOS)

Coerulea flowers with blue spots is pretty cool, but why stop there?  How about adding blue flares on the petals?  Interglossa (intermedia v. aquinii x amethystoglossa) has coerulea flowers with blue flares on the petals and a few blue spots.  Breeding it to the spotted leopoldii f. coerulea will accentuate the spots.  Even though one parent is flared, not all the offspring will produce flared blue flowers, but approximately half will.  Look for spotted coerulea flowers with dark blue lips.
3” pots $15

SVO 7182       
C. Leoloddiglossa f. coerulea (C. Leoloddiglossa f. coerulea 'SVO Sweet Spots'x C. Leoloddiglossa f. coerulea 'Exotic Orchids' AM/AOS)
The hottest Cattleya breeding trend is spotted coerulea (blue) flowers.  C. Leoloddiglossa has been a remarkable hybrid, the first highly successful coerulea flower with blue spots!!  The background includes three Cattleya species: leopoldii, loddigesii, amethystoglossa, thus the name: Leoloddiglossa (leo-loddi-glossa).  This sibling cross is made with two fantastic cultivars, each with great color and spots.  Both are vigorous growers and produce good heads of flowers, and the progeny will express these same qualities.  An excellent cross that needs to be a part of your collection.
3” pots $15

SVO 7182t
C. Leoloddiglossa (C. Leoloddiglossa f. coerulea 'SVO Sweet Spots' x C. Leoloddiglossa f. coerulea 'Exotic Orchids' AM/AOS)

The hottest Cattleya breeding trend is spotted coerulea (blue) flowers.  C. Leoloddiglossa has been a remarkable hybrid, the first highly successful coerulea flower with blue spots!!  The background includes three Cattleya species: leopoldii, loddigesii, amethystoglossa, thus the name: Leoloddiglossa (leo-loddi-glossa).  This sibling cross is made with two fantastic cultivars, each with great color and spots.  Both are vigorous growers and produce good heads of flowers, and the progeny will express these same qualities.  An excellent cross that needs to be a part of your collection.  The same as SVO 7182, but the protocorms were treated with oryzalin (t), a chemical that can double the number of chromosomes.  The hope is that some of these will be highly desirable tetraploids.
3” pots $20

SVO 7184
C. Laura Newton f. coerulea (C. Interglossa f. coerulea 'SVO Blue Splash' x C. Leoloddiglossa f. coerulea 'SVO Speckled Blue' FCC/AOS)

Interglossa (intermedia x amethystoglossa) is a coerulea aquinii or blue flared flower, and its breeding potential is very exciting.  Have you ever imagined a flower with coerulea sepals peppered with darker blue spots and petals flared in blue?  C. Leoloddiglossa 'SVO Speckled Blue' is the best of the best, earning an FCC/AOS for its excellent flower shape and color and well-presented flowers.  These are robust plants and already are showing fantastic growth.  The best of these will be very special!  Do NOT miss out on this one.
3” pots $15

SVO 7184t      
C. Laura Newton f. coerulea (C. Interglossa f. coerulea 'SVO Blue Splash' x C. Leoloddiglossa f. coerulea 'SVO Speckled Blue' FCC/AOS)

Interglossa (intermedia x amethystoglossa) is a coerulea aquinii or blue flared flower, and its breeding potential is very exciting.  Have you ever imagined a flower with coerulea sepals peppered with darker blue spots and petals flared in blue?  C. Leoloddiglossa 'SVO Speckled Blue' is the best of the best, earning an FCC/AOS for its excellent flower shape and color and well-presented flowers.  These are robust plants and already are showing fantastic growth.  The best of these will be very special!  Do NOT miss out on this one.  The same as SVO 7184, but the protocorms were treated with oryzalin (t), a chemical that can double the number of chromosomes.  The hope is that some of these will be highly desirable tetraploids.
3” pots $20

SVO 7269
Lc. NEW HYBRID (Lc. Floralia's Azul 'Sandra' AM/AOS x Lc. Ellery Tomaszkiewicz 'SVO Blue Star' AM/AOS)

Floralia's Azul (Lc. Mem. Jack Hayden x Cattleya walkeriana) has proven itself to be an important breeder of blues.  Its fine shape and color, and free-flowering traits are its strong points.  Ellery Tomaszkiewicz (Lc. Love Knot x C. warneri) is an excellent cross, with large flower size and good flower count from C. warneri and small plant size with flat flowers from Lc. Love Knot.  These are going to have big flowers up to 4.5” across on plants only 7-8” tall.  Flower color will be coerulea, with broad lips in darker blue.  A super nice blue cross!
3” pots $15

SVO 7478
Lc. NEW HYBRID (Lc. Cornelis' Love 'SVO' AM/AOS x Lc. Indigo Sky 'Dark Blue Lip')

Compact coerulea breeding is developing quite nicely, and this cross brings together several important traits like large flower size and a compact plant only 7-8” tall.  Flower colors will be coerulea with dark blue lips and a yellow throat, which really sets off the lip color.  This grex combines Cornelis' Love (Lc. Cornelia x Lc.  Love Knot) and Indigo Sky (Lc. Gaskell-Pumila x Indigo Dawn).  This should be a fantastic cross.  Expect 6” flowers on an 8” tall plant – now that's what I'm talking about!
3” pots $15

SVO 7492
Lc. NEW HYBRID (Lc. Cariad's Mini-Quinee 'Angel Kiss #5' x Lc. Sarah Sears 'Big Blue Sky')
Cariad's Mini-Quinee (Lc. Mini Purple x C. intermedia) was one of the first notable blue flared mini-Catts, and it was cloned and widely distributed.  The cultivar 'Angel Kiss #5' is a clonal mutation with higher quality flowers.  Lc. Sarah Sears (Lc. Cornelia x Lc. Indigo Dawn) has large fragrant coerulea flowers, and the well-formed lip is dark blue with a yellow throat.  Many of these will be flared with dark blue splashes, and the good ones will be spectacular.  All will have large flowers on small plants.  Getting several will improve the odds of finding a flared one.
3” pots $15

SVO 7503       
Lc. Mini Purple f. coerulea (Lc. Mini Purple f. coerulea 'H&R' 4n x self)

This Mini Purple (C. walkeriana x L. pumila) is a tetraploid mutation from a large group of clones flowered in Japan.  It was a real standout, with heavier substance and larger flowers with wider segments.  Selfing a 4n will produce almost 100% 4n offspring, and the overall quality will be exceptional.  This is a rare opportunity.
3” pots $16

SVO 7559       
C. NEW HYBRID (C.Leoloddiglossa f. coerulea 'SVO Speckled Blue' FCC/AOS x C. Little Leopard f. coerulea 'Nite Shade')

Leoloddiglossa has been a remarkable hybrid, the first highly successful coerulea (blue) flower with darker coerulea spots!!! The lineage of Leoloddiglossa contains three Cattleya species: leopoldii, loddigesii, and amethystoglossa, thus the name: Leoloddiglossa (leo-loddi-glossa).  'SVO Speckled Blue' has excellent shape and color, and carries 20 or more well-presented flowers.  Receiving an FCC/AOS is one of the highest accolades a plant can get.  Little Leopard (C. aclandiae x C. amethystoglossa) is a unique flower, and 'Nite Shade' is the only coerulea color form of this cross I know of.  Flowers are spotted, and the lip is coerulea, as is the column.   This is our first hybrid with Little Leopard, and we anticipate that it will significantly reduce plant size, maintain the coerulea color and spotting, and transmit coerulea-colored columns to some of its offspring.
3” pots $20

SVO 7561
C. Something Else f. coerulea (C. bicolor f. coerulea 'SVO' x C. schilleriana f. coerulea 'Good Color')

This must be a first in coerulea breeding.  The coerulea color form of bicolor is very rare and has only became available recently.  The coerulea from of schilleriana became available in the late 1980's when the cultivar 'Orchidglade' was cloned and widely distributed.  It is interesting to note that many of these unusual color forms are very rare in nature, and thanks to selective breeding there are many more available in cultivation.  This cross is all about the lips!  Both bicolor and schilleriana are known for their large, broad lips and these coerulea lips really will be “something else.”
3” pots $20

SVO 7564       
Pot. NEW HYBRID (Slc. Jungle Hotspot 'SVO Splash Spots' x Blc. Sunspots 'Sandy' AM/AOS)

One of the breeding ideas I have been working to develop lately is yellow flowers with red spots AND red flares.  Sound interesting?   The idea took hold with Jungle Hotspot (Slc. Jungle Gem x C. Penny Kuroda), which has light-yellow sepals spotted in red, and white petals flared in purple, with an unusual purple lip.  Sunspots (C. Mark Jones x Blc. SunCoast Sunspots) has yellow flowers, bold spots and a red lip. Here we are hoping that the yellow color from Sunspots will improve the color of the progeny, reinforce the spots and still allow for some flares to come through.  This cross is a bit speculative, but sometimes you have to take a chance.
3” pots $14

SVO 7617       
Lc. Mini Love f. coerulea (Lc. Love Knot f. coerulea 'SVO' HCC/AOS x Lc. Mini Purple f. coerulea 'H&R' 4n)

This is a first rate coerulea mini-Catt hybrid!  Both parents have C. walkeriana in them, combined with sincorana and pumila, respectively.  These species will assure coerulea-colored flowers with wide flat petals and dark coerulea lips on plants maturing at 6” tall and blooming in 3” pots.  A truly superior coerulea mini-Catt!
3” pots $15

 

** Some pictures are representative of the cross and not actual parents.

Other Cattleyas
Mini-Catts | Compact Cattleyas | Standard / Large Cattleyas | Spotted Cattleyas
Coerulea (blue) Cattleyas | Species | Blooming Size 4" Cattleyas

 

 

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